Published On: Tue, Feb 3rd, 2015

PDP-BJP Common Minimum Programme

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By Dr. Syed Nazir Gilani –

J & K Constitution was adopted on 17 November 1956. Indian citizens required a permit to enter into the State until the rule was abolished by Bakhshi regime on 01 April 1959. State Subject Law still prevails and bars an Indian citizen to have property rights in the State. This law does not allow a Pakistani citizen either to have property rights in AJK and Gilgit and Baltistan.

It is common knowledge in the Valley that a political party seeking to form a Government has to be a favourite in Delhi. Rules for governance in Srinagar are laid down in an A4 size file retained in Delhi and the practice is a common and perpetuated prerogative of Delhi. It is not possible to defer the daily affairs of life of people until Hurriyat finds it convenient to construct its credible narrative to serve the people or postpone community life until Pakistan wakes up to its demand made by it at the UN in January 1948 that a Plebiscite in Kashmir has to be organized by the Spring, that is in three months’ time in March 1948. One can’t even trust Indian Government for pleading expedition, Urgency and Immediacy at the UN Security Council in the resolution of Kashmir dispute in January 1948. One finds one India at home and a different India abroad.

PDP may have gone over the top in her desire to seek a clear mandate in 2014 elections but it could not be refuted that in the case of a failure to gain majority, it would have considered to charm itself to cohabit with BJP. The delay in the formation of a Government would be regarded as a sloppy strategy to cover their tracks to avoid voter rage.

Political parties from Kashmir have been in alliance with non-State political parties. However, any such alliance with BJP is quite different. Valley voter has rejected BJP.  The history of BJP rule (its elements namely, RSS, The Hindu Mahasabha, Shiv Sena and others) has not only made Muslims in India uncomfortable, it has dislodged the faith of secular Hindus in “secular” and “socialist” India as well.

Shiv Sena has said that India was never secular but a Hindu India. On 28 January 2015 Shiv Sena demanded that the words “secular” and “socialist” be “permanently removed” from the Constitution’s Preamble. The party said that its demand is justified as India is a “Hindu nation”. Shiv Sena leader and Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut said that the word secular was not relevant for the country as India is a “Hindu Rashtra”. It makes Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and other faiths irrelevant in India.

RSS is known to have sent volunteers in 1931 to assist the Dogra forces to suppress the Muslim uprising in the Valley. In the aftermath of the 2014 poll results the RSS’ organ, Organiser, reprinted its editorials and writings of 1948.  One editorial of 15 January 1948 was entitled “Kashmir The Spiritual Home of Hindus”. It continued, “The Maharaja is more sinned against than sinning. The Hindu kingdom is one of the oldest in world history and is an indissoluble part of the cultural hegemony of the Hindustan”. The reprint’s object is obvious – Hindu Raj should now be revived in Kashmir.

Soon after the polls were over, Organiser of 4 January 2015 wrote: “For Jharkand, it is a verdict to initiate development.” But the verdict for J&K is different – “and for J&K, it is a beginning of real democratic integration”.

RSS and The Hindu Mahasabha in the aftermath of Jammu and Kashmir elections have reverted back to 1947 and 1948 anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistan campaign in their literature. The Hindu Outlook edited by Mr. G. Deshpande, the Secretary General of the Hindu Mahasabha, is on record in the UN debates of 1948 that it published an article in the issue of 9 September 1947, calling upon Hindus and Sikhs to do the following:

1. Remove the present Government, which is composed of men of straw, and replace it by men who would be strong Hindus.

2. Declare the Indian Union a Hindu State

3. Prepare the country on the basis of a war with Pakistan.

4. Impose conscription and recruit all young Hindus to army

5. Treat all Muslims as fifth columnists

6. Declare the professing of Islam as unlawful.

Muslims in India, Kashmir, Pakistan, around the world and other non-Muslims  around the world start putting the reminders of history reluctantly far behind and pay heed to people like the first Muslim Attorney General of India Mr. Goolam E Vahanvati who came to present India’s National Report for the Second Universal Periodic Review 2012 on 24 May 2012 at the UN in Geneva when he said “I stand here before you as a representative of a new India – an India built on the solid foundations laid after independence, a new India, which is confident but not over-confident, a country proud of its strengths and at the same time willing to acknowledge and address weaknesses, an India which is self-assured but not arrogant, a country which is sensitive and humane without being weak or apologetic, and an India determined to promote and protect the human rights of its people in its secular democratic polity”.

People abroad start trusting Indian institutional claims when they hear from a Muslim that “India is a land of immense diversity covering all major religions of the world”. The credibility of this discourse is incremented when on the question of violation of Human Rights by army and security forces and Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in Kashmir, India submits that, “military has been operating a Human Rights Cell in its headquarters since March 1993, before the establishment of National Human Rights Commission of India.”

In fact the Indian views expressed at the UN Human Rights Council in May 2012 and the India that has started cracking the whip under BJP Government in 2014 and 2015 in regards to Muslims in India and the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir (in particular Valley) are a cause of deep concern to Muslims of the State in particular and other Muslims in India in general. People who have supported a gradual and rigorous engagement and reconciliation between India and Pakistan find themselves in a sticky situation to see BJP spew fire across the international border.

UN archives have recorded the evidence that Muslim populations in the States of Alwar, Bharatpur, Patiala, Nabha, Jind, Faridkot, Kapurthala and Gwalior where wiped out either by massacre or by forcible expulsions. These records show that Kapurthala which had a Muslim majority of 235,000 was left with only two Muslims when evidence was submitted to UN Security Council on 16 January 1948. Jammu was also trashed from a Muslim majority into a Hindu majority province.

Under these circumstances the formation of Government by PDP with BJP on a common minimum programme has no meaning. PDP is either a victim of a routine stereotype or is heading to be discredited in the process. It’s near rival NC in her autonomy report has slated that the accession with India is provisional and there is no merger. Pakistan has held at the UN Security Council that “The Pakistan Government have not accepted and cannot accept the accession of Jammu and Kashmir State to India. In their view the accession is based on violence and fraud.” The UN Security Council Resolution of 30 March 1951 is clear on the future of the State.

PDP desire to seek India-Pakistan engagement without any mandate from the electorate makes no merit. In fact UN Resolutions charge the Government of J & K with a duty to organise a Plebiscite in co-operation with the United Nations and Pakistan remains a party in the dispute. The people of Jammu and Kashmir, India and Pakistan have a full reference of their rights and duties under a UN mechanism on Kashmir. The common minimum programme would not be enough to stay in power.

PDP-BJP Common Minimum Programme

By Dr. Syed Nazir Gilani

J & K Constitution was adopted on 17 November 1956. Indian citizens required a permit to enter into the State until the rule was abolished by Bakhshi regime on 01 April 1959. State Subject Law still prevails and bars an Indian citizen to have property rights in the State. This law does not allow a Pakistani citizen either to have property rights in AJK and Gilgit and Baltistan.

It is common knowledge in the Valley that a political party seeking to form a Government has to be a favourite in Delhi. Rules for governance in Srinagar are laid down in an A4 size file retained in Delhi and the practice is a common and perpetuated prerogative of Delhi. It is not possible to defer the daily affairs of life of people until Hurriyat finds it convenient to construct its credible narrative to serve the people or postpone community life until Pakistan wakes up to its demand made by it at the UN in January 1948 that a Plebiscite in Kashmir has to be organized by the Spring, that is in three months’ time in March 1948. One can’t even trust Indian Government for pleading expedition, Urgency and Immediacy at the UN Security Council in the resolution of Kashmir dispute in January 1948. One finds one India at home and a different India abroad.

PDP may have gone over the top in her desire to seek a clear mandate in 2014 elections but it could not be refuted that in the case of a failure to gain majority, it would have considered to charm itself to cohabit with BJP. The delay in the formation of a Government would be regarded as a sloppy strategy to cover their tracks to avoid voter rage.

Political parties from Kashmir have been in alliance with non-State political parties. However, any such alliance with BJP is quite different. Valley voter has rejected BJP.  The history of BJP rule (its elements namely, RSS, The Hindu Mahasabha, Shiv Sena and others) has not only made Muslims in India uncomfortable, it has dislodged the faith of secular Hindus in “secular” and “socialist” India as well.

Shiv Sena has said that India was never secular but a Hindu India. On 28 January 2015 Shiv Sena demanded that the words “secular” and “socialist” be “permanently removed” from the Constitution’s Preamble. The party said that its demand is justified as India is a “Hindu nation”. Shiv Sena leader and Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Raut said that the word secular was not relevant for the country as India is a “Hindu Rashtra”. It makes Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and other faiths irrelevant in India.

RSS is known to have sent volunteers in 1931 to assist the Dogra forces to suppress the Muslim uprising in the Valley. In the aftermath of the 2014 poll results the RSS’ organ, Organiser, reprinted its editorials and writings of 1948.  One editorial of 15 January 1948 was entitled “Kashmir The Spiritual Home of Hindus”. It continued, “The Maharaja is more sinned against than sinning. The Hindu kingdom is one of the oldest in world history and is an indissoluble part of the cultural hegemony of the Hindustan”. The reprint’s object is obvious – Hindu Raj should now be revived in Kashmir.

Soon after the polls were over, Organiser of 4 January 2015 wrote: “For Jharkand, it is a verdict to initiate development.” But the verdict for J&K is different – “and for J&K, it is a beginning of real democratic integration”.

RSS and The Hindu Mahasabha in the aftermath of Jammu and Kashmir elections have reverted back to 1947 and 1948 anti-Muslim and anti-Pakistan campaign in their literature. The Hindu Outlook edited by Mr. G. Deshpande, the Secretary General of the Hindu Mahasabha, is on record in the UN debates of 1948 that it published an article in the issue of 9 September 1947, calling upon Hindus and Sikhs to do the following:

1. Remove the present Government, which is composed of men of straw, and replace it by men who would be strong Hindus.

2. Declare the Indian Union a Hindu State

3. Prepare the country on the basis of a war with Pakistan.

4. Impose conscription and recruit all young Hindus to army

5. Treat all Muslims as fifth columnists

6. Declare the professing of Islam as unlawful.

Muslims in India, Kashmir, Pakistan, around the world and other non-Muslims  around the world start putting the reminders of history reluctantly far behind and pay heed to people like the first Muslim Attorney General of India Mr. Goolam E Vahanvati who came to present India’s National Report for the Second Universal Periodic Review 2012 on 24 May 2012 at the UN in Geneva when he said “I stand here before you as a representative of a new India – an India built on the solid foundations laid after independence, a new India, which is confident but not over-confident, a country proud of its strengths and at the same time willing to acknowledge and address weaknesses, an India which is self-assured but not arrogant, a country which is sensitive and humane without being weak or apologetic, and an India determined to promote and protect the human rights of its people in its secular democratic polity”.

People abroad start trusting Indian institutional claims when they hear from a Muslim that “India is a land of immense diversity covering all major religions of the world”. The credibility of this discourse is incremented when on the question of violation of Human Rights by army and security forces and Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in Kashmir, India submits that, “military has been operating a Human Rights Cell in its headquarters since March 1993, before the establishment of National Human Rights Commission of India.”

In fact the Indian views expressed at the UN Human Rights Council in May 2012 and the India that has started cracking the whip under BJP Government in 2014 and 2015 in regards to Muslims in India and the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir (in particular Valley) are a cause of deep concern to Muslims of the State in particular and other Muslims in India in general. People who have supported a gradual and rigorous engagement and reconciliation between India and Pakistan find themselves in a sticky situation to see BJP spew fire across the international border.

UN archives have recorded the evidence that Muslim populations in the States of Alwar, Bharatpur, Patiala, Nabha, Jind, Faridkot, Kapurthala and Gwalior where wiped out either by massacre or by forcible expulsions. These records show that Kapurthala which had a Muslim majority of 235,000 was left with only two Muslims when evidence was submitted to UN Security Council on 16 January 1948. Jammu was also trashed from a Muslim majority into a Hindu majority province.

Under these circumstances the formation of Government by PDP with BJP on a common minimum programme has no meaning. PDP is either a victim of a routine stereotype or is heading to be discredited in the process. It’s near rival NC in her autonomy report has slated that the accession with India is provisional and there is no merger. Pakistan has held at the UN Security Council that “The Pakistan Government have not accepted and cannot accept the accession of Jammu and Kashmir State to India. In their view the accession is based on violence and fraud.” The UN Security Council Resolution of 30 March 1951 is clear on the future of the State.

PDP desire to seek India-Pakistan engagement without any mandate from the electorate makes no merit. In fact UN Resolutions charge the Government of J & K with a duty to organise a Plebiscite in co-operation with the United Nations and Pakistan remains a party in the dispute. The people of Jammu and Kashmir, India and Pakistan have a full reference of their rights and duties under a UN mechanism on Kashmir. The common minimum programme would not be enough to stay in power.


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